Workshop on Application of Technology and Classification Tools for Digital Collection Development and Network-Based Search

ACM DL '98, Pittsburgh, June 27, 1998





Move forward the initiatives toward interactive networked access to reference tools

e.g., thesauri, classification systems, gazetteers, taxonomies, ontologies, language translation, dictionaries, etc.

Focus on current and planned developments.



Strawman Topics

Data Model

Data model to support interactive use.

Data elements and relationships to convey content? Elements (ANSI/ISO or something higher level)

Multilingual aspects?

Computer understanding of system notations. Are unique ID for terms/concepts needed? (URI/URN, DOI)

Representational structures (XML)?

Representation of purpose

Functional Model

What user/use interaction requirements - what conversations between client and server?

How to access and navigate?

What views?

What are most important features?

Quality standards (CIQM labeling). Breadth, depth, coverage.


Thesaurus-level metadata & thesaurus registries

Metadata representation of tools for registries - "collection level"

Role of metadata to enable interoperability

Role of tool registries

Infrastructure and mechanisms of registries


Business Intellectual Property Models

Types of agreements and partnerships, kinds of business models. What happens when put these in online environment? Multiple tools, multiple environments. Fringes of domain.

What kinds of relationships are needed between owners and users?

Rights management issues and control?

Appropriate access and use constraint models?

Transaction and payment models?


Data Model Group Session


How generic do we need to be beyond thesauri?

Glossary - Agreement on terms we use; what are the objects we are dealing with?

Types of information objects (reference tools)

Thesauri - hierarchical, synonyms


Dictionaries - Lexicons


Taxonomies (a classification)


Authority Files

Lists of valid terms

Index structure

Semantic networks


Data dictionaries and object hierarchies


A typology such as this will be a necessary for this effort.


Structural issues:


Qualities of successful data model




Authority (validating source)

History note (temporal information)

Classification (Facet, Categories)

Representation (e.g., language, character set)

Identification (notation, etc.)


Directed graph typing

The types defined by the NISO, ISO, etc. standards


Terminology services (whole tools - with specific access)



Concept expansion / focusing


Limiting context of use/view

Filtering (ranking, document clustering)


Scenario: supporting interactive use

Record w/ "anchor" e.g. pollution

Want to find related information

Pollution + DDC + LCC+ related concept + related organizations

What you want to do:

identify tools with related information (metadata for resource discovery)

browse, search tools

retrieve terms from tools to reuse terms in follow-on processes


Effective Next Steps

Scenarios of use

More specific models based on scenarios

Glossary of terms



Develop standards for use of tools in network search (directly and indirectly)


Demonstrate an interest in forming a group. Setting the (functional) requirements before we set the standards.

Commitment to work offline, to make information publicly available (accessible)

Thesaurus registry (Interconnect) - broaden information types


Quality rating?

Use form as straw man.

Taxonomy of information types, definitions

External knowlwedge sources (Buckland and Plaunt) that's a component of a larger search system. Reference model. Other models? This sort of stuff could be mounted/pointed to at web site.


Forum for review and collaboration.

Planning new products.

Form task forces/committees

Developing interactive thesauri

Registries (metadata)

XML support

Interface issues - Interoperability

Data model

Action Steps

Working groups

Registries for Knowledge Organization Schemes (KOS)

Reference/Functional Model

White paper report on the scope and requirements of the project

Web site providing links to related projects and sites and adding additional information

Project glossary, authoritative source of terminology, on the Web

Electronic forum

Plan next workshop who what when where why